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Word of the Week

Octothorpe, n., Another word for hashtag or pound sign.

I found this on Codeacademy.com where I’m doing some homework for my library class. I think it’s rather pompous of Code Academy to use it.

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Word of the Week

Quantum Entanglement: noun

“the way elementary particles become intertwined when they interact”

I heard Neil Tyson DeGrasse explain this concept tonight while watching CNBC. At the quantum level we can’t see or perceive what’s going on but basically everything’s connected or could be. Spiritually, I’ve known that for a long time.

References

Woldchover, N.(2014.)  Wired. “New Quantum Theory Could Explain the Flow of Time.” Retrieved from http://www.wired.com/2014/04/quantum-theory-flow-time/ on October 23, 2015.

Word of the Week

sciolistn.
[‘ A person whose knowledge is only superficial, esp. one who makes much of it; a pretender to learning.’]
Pronunciation: Brit. /ˈsʌɪəlɪst/,  U.S. /ˈsaɪələst/
Etymology: <  post-classical Latin sciolus (see sciolous adj.) + -ist suffix. Compare sciolus n.
 depreciative.
 A person whose knowledge is only superficial, esp. one who makes much of it; a pretender to learning.

1612  A. Hopton Concordancy of Yeares sig. A8v_ (note) , All whose workes fairly written..were, by religious pretending Sciolists, damn’d as diuelish.
1656  T. Blount Glossographia To Rdr. sig. A4, Every..homebred Sciolist being at liberty..to coyn and innovate new Words.
1705  W. Lewis tr. E. Herbert Antient Relig. Gentiles x. 131 But the inquisitive Sciolist..will endeavour to find out second Causes for those things which proceed directly and solely from the most wise Counsel of God.
1778  V. Knox Ess. I. xvi. 107 Contemptible sciolists, who called themselves theatrical critics.
1817  S. T. Coleridge Biographia Literaria I. iii. 58 In proportion as a still greater diffusion of literature shall produce an increase of sciolists.
1880  A. C. Swinburne Study of Shakespeare 18 The last resource of an empiric, the last refuge of a sciolist.
1939 Sewanee Rev. 47 112 Non-Shakespearean sciolists put the burden of proof that William Shakespeare wrote the plays on the shoulders of acknowledged Shakespeareans.
1973 Financial Times 5 June 20/5 Any identification of the Smithian system with this point of view is a sure sign of the sciolist or the charlatan.
1991  I. Sinclair Downriver(1995) iv. 93 A sciolist, call him Sonny Jaques, with a gold stud earring, and a doctorate in Romance Languages.
Derivatives
 scioˈlistic adj. that is a sciolist; characteristic of a sciolist.

1830  S. Wells Hist. Drainage Great Level of Fens I. viii. 147 Those navigation laws, which more degenerate legislators and sciolistic quacks have in modern times dared to abrogate.
1870  J. R. Lowell Among my Bks. 2nd Ser. 298 Sciolistic theorizing and dogmatism.
2004  W. F. Buckley Miles Gone By ii. 107 Another reason for giving up Firing Line is the progressive exasperation one feels over sciolistic preparation and exegesis.

Word of the Week

multiloquence, n. Excessive talkativeness or loquaciousness; prolixity.
Pronunciation: Brit. /ˌmʌlˈtɪləkw(ə)ns/,  U.S. /məlˈtɪləkw(ə)ns/
Etymology: <  post-classical Latin multiloquentia (Vetus Latina; translating ancient Greek πολυλογία polylogy n.) <  multi- multi- comb. form + -loquentia -loquence comb. form. Compare earlier multiloquent adj. and multiloquiousness n., multiloquy n.
 Now rare.
1760  ‘J. Copywell’ Shrubs Parnassus 147 Where Clamour wages war with Sense, And Oratory centres in Multiloquence.
1846  J. E. Worcester Universal Dict. Eng. Lang.Multiloquence, quality of being multiloquent; loquacity, talkativeness. [Citing J. Q. Adams.]
1893 Temple Bar 97 625 He would invariably flounder astray in his own multiloquence.
1923 Science 6 Apr. 418/1 Perhaps their silence on this matter, as contrasted with their relative multiloquence on the pedigree culture data, is indicative of a capacity to judge the comparative importance of the facts.
1952 Daily Tel. 23 Jan. 4/6 Multiloquence characterised by a consummate interfusion of circumlocution.

Word of the Week

As we’ve gotten some very humid weather here in Illinois lately, muzzy seemed like a good choice.
muzzyadj. = ‘ Of a place, occasion, etc.: dull, gloomy, tedious. Also, of the weather: misty, foggy; muggy.
Pronunciation: Brit. /ˈmʌzi/,  U.S. /ˈməzi/
Forms:  17–18 mussy,   17– muzzy,   18– muzy Eng. regional (Northumberland).
Etymology:Origin uncertain. Compare mosy adj.

This word is the earliest attested of a group of words of similar form and meaning, all first attested in the 18th cent., including muzz v.muzz n., and muzzle v.2 In later use indistinctness and (especially mental) confusion are key elements of most of the senses of each word in this group. This group of words perhaps show shortening of forms of mosy adj. with a raised long vowel (compare forms in -oo--ou- s.v.).

 colloq. and Brit. regional.

1. a. Of a place, occasion, etc.: dull, gloomy, tedious. Also, of the weather: misty, foggy; muggy.

1728  M. Delany Autobiogr. & Corr.(1861) I. 159 The town is mussy, though very full. I have not been at an assemblée this winter.
1754  A. Murphy Gray’s Inn Jrnl. No. 80, Sunday the most muzzy Day in the year.
1770  S. Foote Lame Lover i. 12 A damn’d muzzy dinner at Boodle’s.
1821  S. T. Coleridge in Blackwood’s Edinb. Mag. 10 253 Here have I been sitting, this whole long-lagging, muzzy, mizly morning.
1890  P. H. Emerson Wild Life 97 Muzzy weather a coming—wind and rain from the sutherly.
1998 Independent 5 Jan. ii. 3/4 (captionLord Owen recalled how he had found it useful to carry a pin which he could drive into his thigh at particularly muzzy moments.
 b. Of persons, their actions, manner, etc.: dulled, drowsy, spiritless; confused, mentally hazy; dazed and unfocused. Cf. sense 2.

1729  M. Delany Autobiogr. & Corr.(1861) I. 195, I returned from the Duchess of Norfolk’s Assembly, (muzzy enough, not having met with agreeable conversation).
1730  J. Miller Humours Oxf. i. i. 8 Your Fellows of Colleges are a parcel of Sad, Muzzy, Humdrum, Lazy, Ignorant old Caterpillars.
1761  J. Hawkesworth Edgar & Emmeline 7 What, always muzzy, with a dismal countenance as long as a taylor’s bill!
1827  Scott Jrnl. 28 Feb. (1941) 28 Discontinuing smoking..leaves me less muzzy after dinner.
1883 Sat. Rev. 10 Nov. 586 A sentimental Celt may regard himself, in his muzzy Celtic way, as being an ill-treated rightful heir of any land which chances to belong to a ‘Saxon’.
1943  L. Woolf Let. 26 Aug. (1990) 480, I..have developed a violent cold in the head which perhaps accounts for why I felt so muzzy in the brain.
1984  B. Breytenbach Mouroir 134 The buses stop and they get out, dull and muzzy.
 c. Of something presented to the mind or senses: vague, hazy, indistinct; imprecisely defined.

1744  Ld. Orrery Let. 9 Feb. in Papers(1903) II. 184 This is a very muzzy Letter, a true representation of my present condition.
1771  T. Gainsborough Let. 21 Mar. (1961) 143 I’m sorry your Chalk Drawings got Rubb’d as they were muzzy enough at first.
1832  W. Irving in Life & Lett.(1866) III. 26 His form is still fine on the stage, but his countenance is muzzy and indistinct.
1849  Thackeray Pendennis(1850) I. xxxi. 302 We may expect that his view of the past will be rather muzzy.
1867 Art Jrnl. 29 123/3 The execution..is vague and muzzy to a fault.
1899 Contemp. Rev. June 830 A growing tendency to see everything blurred and muzzy.
1940  E. Pound Cantos LII–LXXI liv. 41 Fou-Y saying they use muzzy language The more to mislead folk.
1951  N. Monsarrat Cruel Sea iv. i. 290 It’s a very small echo… Sort of muzzy, too.
1977 Church Times 2 June 11/4 The ecclesiastical institution is weaker; its boundaries are muzzier.
1997  E. Hand Glimmering i. i. 6 He propped his elbows on the balcony beside his friend, blinking at the muzzy violet light.

 2. Affected by alcohol; dazed or fuddled from drinking.

a1795  T. Campbell Diary(1854) 19 We went to the Coffee house in the evening, where almost all the Gownsmen we saw were tipsy… The next night also, we went to another Coffee house, and there the scene was only shifted, all muzzy.
1795  J. O’Keeffe Irish Mimic i. ii. 21 With glass of wine we’ll cheer our woe, And wipe our muzzy faces.
1848  Thackeray Pendennis(1850) I. v. 45 His muzzy, whiskified brain.
1852  R. S. Surtees Mr. Sponge’s Sporting Tour x. lix. 333 Leather, though somewhat muzzy, was sufficiently sober to be able to deliver this message.
1892  J. Payn Mod. Dick Whittington II. 133 He was ‘muzzy’ in the morning; he was ‘elevated’ in the afternoon; but at six o’clock, punctually, he was drunk.
1910 Truth 16 Apr. 1 His Worship: ‘Was the accused sober?’ Witness: ‘Well, he looked muzzy.’ His Worship: ‘What do you mean by that?’ Witness: ‘He looked either drunk or a shingle short.’
1956  O. Welles Mr. Arkadin ii. iv. 128 The abandon of a woman..whose head was muzzy with the champagne.
1981  M. Keane Good Behaviour xxxiv. 228 He didn’t take in what I was saying, a bit muzzy probably after all that port and brandy.

Word of the Week

I’m reading Dicken’s The Old Curiosity Shop and occasionally running across words like condign, which are new to me.

Condign, adj.
1. well-deserved; fitting; adequate:
example: condign punishment.

Word of the Week

peculation, n. ‘ The appropriation of money or property held in trust for another by a servant, employee, or official; esp. the embezzlement of public funds belonging to a ruler, state, or government. Also: an instance of this.’
Pronunciation: Brit. /ˌpɛkjᵿˈleɪʃn/, U.S. /ˌpɛkjəˈleɪʃ(ə)n/
Etymology: < post-classical Latin peculatio embezzlement of public money or property (5th cent.) < classical Latin pecūlārī peculate v. + -ātio -ation suffix. Compare earlier peculate n., and later peculate v.
Somewhat formal in later use. The appropriation of money or property held in trust for another by a servant, employee, or official; esp. the embezzlement of public funds belonging to a ruler, state, or government. Also: an instance of this.1658 E. Phillips New World Eng. Words, Peculation, a robbing of the Prince or Common-wealth.
1732 Gentleman’s Mag. Dec. 1094/2 Do they punish Bribery and Peculation in their own Creatures and Friends?
1779 J. Watt Let. 3 Mar. in Partners in Sci. (1970) 56 The person in Office there has either been guilty of peculation or of gross neglect of duty.
1844 U.S. Mag. & Democratic Rev. Mar. 238 [He] had just forwarded to the Committee written proof of peculations committed by Fouché de Nantes.
1874 J. R. Green Short Hist. Eng. People ix. §9. 700 Marlborough was dismissed from his command, charged with peculation, and condemned.
1950 New Yorker 30 Sept. 32/2 Mrs. Elkin’s voice dropped to the low, gemütlich whisper reserved for obstetrics, cancer, and the peculations of servant girls.
1994 Daily Tel. 28 Nov. 22/1 It would no longer tolerate a form of politics that favoured politicians above people and peculation above principles.

(Another) Word of the Week

 réchauffé, adj. and n. (It sounds so much chic-er than leftovers)

Of food: reheated, heated or warmed up again; made from leftovers. Freq. fig.: reworked, rehashed; unoriginal, derivative. Also as a postmodifier, after French use.

Pronunciation: Brit. /reɪˈʃəʊfeɪ/,  U.S. /ˌreɪˌʃoʊˈfeɪ/
Forms:  17– rechauffé,   18 20– réchauffe,   18– rechauffe,   18– réchauffé,   18– rechauffée,   18– réchauffée.
Etymology: <  French réchauffé reheated (13th cent. in Old French), rehashed, derivative (1671), use as adjective of past participle of réchauffer to warm up again, reheat (see rechauffe v.). With use as noun compare French réchauffé rehash (1755).

N.E.D. (1904) gives only the non-naturalized pronunciation (reʃofe) /reʃofe/.
 A. adj.

  Of food: reheated, heated or warmed up again; made from leftovers. Freq. fig.: reworked, rehashed; unoriginal, derivative. Also as a postmodifier, after French use.

1778  H. Chapone Let. 20 Aug. in Wks. (1808) II. 185 Though it cannot have quite the zest of the first royal visit, yet it may do well enough rechauffé, as it will be garnished with many new circumstances.
1838 Times 27 Dec. 5/4 This was a rechauffée version of the well-known story of Jane Shore.
1856  W. H. G. Kingston Western Wanderings II. i. 30 We came in for some rechauffé viands of good quality.
1921 Sat. Westm. Gaz. 17 Sept. 14/1 Professor Wendell..frequently inserts what the dust-cover or jacket of the English edition denominates his ‘humanity’ between a hackneyed quotation and a platitude tastefully rechauffé.
1977 Gramophone Feb. 1307/1 These, then, are humdrum, rechauffé performances full of gestures by rote.
1988  M. Seymour Ring of Conspirators ii. 55 Edith Wharton shuddered at the memory of the dreary rechauffée nursery food she had politely choked down.
2004  F. Rush in  F. Rush Cambr. Compan. Crit. Theory i. 32 Treating Heidegger as Kierkegaard réchauffe is, tactically, very astute.
 B. n.

  A warmed-up dish; a dish made from leftovers. Freq. fig.: a reworking or rehash (chiefly depreciative).

1805 Edinb. Rev. Apr. 133 It is really wasting time to confute this réchauffé of a theory.
1851  E. Ward Jrnl. 5 Feb. (1951) 123 Took tea with the Godleys, met the Russells, and had a rechauffe both of the ball supper and the ball gossip.
1870  R. Broughton Red as Rose I. xiii. 272 A réchauffé of one’s own stale speeches is not an appetising dish.
1922  A. Jekyll Kitchen Ess. 143 Here is a good recipe for a Réchauffé after the stages of pulled, grilled, and devilled have been passed.
1952 Monumenta Nipponica 8 30 His chapter XVI, which purports to give a description of Japan, is a mere réchauffé, as he candidly admits.
1977 Times 3 Sept. 10/5 Cru de Meynas..is a useful bottle for casual meals of cold game or réchauffées.
2006  P. Mandler Eng. National Char. v. 157 Methodologically it was hardly more than a réchauffé of Buckle and Christian liberalism. 

Word of the Week

marplot, n. and adj.
[‘ A person who or (occas.) a thing which spoils a plot or hinders the success of any undertaking.’]
Pronunciation: Brit. /ˈmɑːplɒt/, U.S. /ˈmɑrˌplɑt/
Etymology: < mar- comb. form + plot n.
For a similar earlier formation as the name of a character in a play (see quot. 1709 at sense A.) compare the name of the eponymous protagonist of Sir Martin Mar-all, a play by Dryden and William Cavendish, Duke of Newcastle (1668).
A. n. A person who or (occas.) a thing which spoils a plot or hinders the success of any undertaking.In early use allusively as a personification.
1709 S. Centlivre Busie Body Dram. Pers., Marplot.
1723 R. Steele (title) The censor censured; or, The conscious lovers examin’d: in a dialogue between Sir Dicky Marplot and Jack Freeman.
1765 J. Otis Vindic. Brit. Colonies 21 His employers on either side the atlantic should discard him as a meer Sir Martyn Marplot.
1795 H. Cowley Town before You v. 87 What Tippy! I’m a bit of a Marplot here… This comes of entrusting your friends by halves.
1824 CountessGranville Let. May (1894) I. 295 What a marplot anxiety is.
1876 ‘G. Eliot’ Daniel Deronda II. iv. xxxii. 321 But what is the use of my taking the vows and settling everything as it should be, if that marplot Hans comes and upsets it all?
1880 A. W. Kinglake Invasion of Crimea (ed. 4) VI. ix. 380 In future campaigns the lieges shall not be the marplots they were in the days of Lord Raglan.
1915 F. T. Woodington (title) Fate the marplot.
1940 Amer. Hist. Rev. 45 343 Colonel Nicholas was a meddler and a marplot with a genius for intrigue.
1978 Economist (Nexis) 25 Nov. 123 Following in the footsteps of such marplots, Marxists, Maoists or malignants as the Lords Robbins and Bridges.
1982 Time (Nexis) 27 Dec. 12 Donald Nickles of Oklahoma and Gordon Humphrey of New Hampshire..teamed with veteran marplot Jesse Helms of North Carolina to filibuster the measure to death’s door.

†B. adj. (attrib.).
That spoils or defeats a plot or hinders an undertaking. Obs.1824 Lancet 10 Apr. 64/1 He casts a scowling glance upon the incorrigible mar-plot man.
1850 in A. W. Kinglake Invasion of Crimea (1877) VI. ix. 230 There were some of his fellow-countrymen..whose marplot disclosures seemed likely to bring down..a new onslaught of Russian masses.
1869 A. J. Evans Vashti xxviii. 392 Beyond the tender mercies of meddling, marplot fortune.

Word of the Week

acyrology, n.‘ Incorrect use of language.’
Pronunciation: Brit. /ˌasᵻˈrɒlədʒi/, U.S. /ˌæsəˈrɑlədʒi/
Forms: 16 acurologie, 16 acyrologie, 16 18– acyrology.
Etymology: < post-classical Latin acyrologia incorrect use of language (from 4th cent. in grammarians) < Hellenistic Greek ἀκυρολογία< ancient Greek ἀ- a- prefix6 + κῦρος authority (see kyrine n.) + -λογία -logy comb. form. Compare acyrological adj. rare after 17th cent. Incorrect use of language.[1550 R. Sherry Treat. Schemes & Tropes sig. B8v, Acyrologia. Improprietas, when a worde nothynge at all in hys proper significacion is broughte into a sentence as a cloude.]

1577 H. Peacham Garden of Eloquence sig Dj, This vice or fault is called, Acyrologia: which is an vnproper speaking in forme and sense.
1609 Bp. W. Barlow Answer Catholike English-man 266 This Antilogie the Antapologer..would salue by a figure in Grammar called Acyrologie, and would scarre vp the wound by an improprietie of speech.

1645 J. Goodwin Innocency & Truth Triumphing 92 Not to impose any tax upon an acyrologie.

1659 R. Smith in R. Chilswell Let. R. Smith to H. Hammond conc. Creed (1684) 10 There is no Tautologie, or twice re-iteration of the self same thing, no acurologie or impropriety, contradiction or absurdity, no hysteron-proteron, no disorder in the position of it in the Creed.

1839 Lady Lytton Cheveley (ed. 2) I. x. 221 His work..was meant to be..a condensation of all the ‘logics’ and all the ‘ology’s’; but, unfortunately, tautology and acyrology were the only ones thoroughly exemplified.

1844 Lady Lytton Mem. Muscovite II. xi. 313, I wished..to bring my mother to a more specific declaration of her thoughts, freed from this species of acyrology which rendered them at least doubtful.

1994 Internat. Jrnl. Classical Trad. 1 42 Óláfr’s adaptation of Donatus’s treatise is particularly significant in two of these cases, acyrology and amphibology.

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