Watch and learn. This is a creative, brief history of typography. I love fonts and guess my favorite are: Optima, Futura, Palatino and the occasional funky font.
Do you have a favorite font?
By John Green, a novelist you can trust. Everyone’s got 12 minutes for some history, right?
New to The Daily Post? Whether you’re a beginner or a professional, you’re invited to get involved in our Weekly Photo Challenge to help you meet your blogging goals and give you another way to take part in Post a Day / Post a Week. Everyone is welcome to participate, even if your blog isn’t about photography.
Here’s how it works:
1. Each week, we’ll provide a theme for creative inspiration. You take photographs based on your interpretation of the theme, and post them on your blog anytime before the following Friday when the next photo theme will be announced.
2. To make it easy for others to check out your photos, title your blog post “Weekly Photo Challenge: (theme of the week)” and be sure to use a “postaday2012″ or “postaweek2012″ tag.
- Weekly Photo Challenge: Renewal (Daily Press)
- Weekly Photo Challenge: Renewal (patricialddrury)
- Weekly Photo Challenge: Renewal (Francine in Retirement)
- Weekly Photo Challenge: Renewal (Journey Back to Words)
- Weekly Photo Challenge: Renewal (Here and Abroad)
- Weekly Photo Challenge: Renewal (Sue Ann’s Balcony)
- Weekly Photo Challenge: Renewal (Travel Monkey)
- Weekly Photo Challenge: Renewal (Jeff Sinon Photography)
- Weekly Photo Challenge: Renewal (Jinan Daily Photo)
- Weekly Photo Challenge: Renewal (Beijing Daily Photo)
- Weekly Photo Challenge: Renewal (Polar Panda)
- Weekly Photo Challenge: Renewal (No Fixed Plans)
- Weekly Photo Challenge: Renewal (Four Deer Oak)
- Weekly Photo Challenge: Geometry (Daily Press)
- Weekly Photo Challenge: Geometry (Boddhisatvaintraining)
- Weekly Photo Challenge: Geometry (Jinan Daily Photo)
- Weekly Photo Challenge: Geometry (Daily Press)
- Weekly Photo Challenge: Geometry (Francine in Retirement)
- Weekly Photo Challenge: Geometry (melon pops)
- Weekly Photo Challenge: Geometry (humanrightswarrior)
- Weekly Photo Challenge: Geometry (Detours by Depali)
- Weekly Photo Challenge: Geometry (decglo)
- Weekly Photo Challenge: Geometry (Standing Still)
- Weekly Photo Challenge: Geometry (Rarasaur)
- Weekly Photo Challenge: Geometry (Revel in It)
- Weekly Photo Challenge: Geometry (Travel Monkey)
- Weekly Photo Challenge: Geometry (Britten Asplund)
- Weekly Photo Challenge: Geometry (Irvent)
I went to Kokomo Indiana’s Seiberling Mansion, known as the best example of the worst architecture. The Seiberling Mansion blends neo It’s a funky, curious mix and suggests an era and family that favored whimsy and imagination as well as comfort and luxury. Arthur LaBelle designed the house for Monroe Seiberling, a prominent and wealthy industrialist, who made a fortune in natural gas, the mansion is a combination of Neo-Jacobean and Romanesque architecture.
The Seiberling family just lived her for a few years. The mansion then was home till the 1940s before University of Indiana used it as a branch campus putting up chalkboards and moving in desks, chairs and university posters.
When the university moved to a larger facility, the mansion was left to deteriorate. Vandals took over and trashed the place. In 1972 the mansion was turned over to the county, which restored its glory and turned it into a museum.
Some interesting features include the brass hinges and door plates with Moorish embellishments, the gas fireplaces, the parquet floors of maple, oak and walnut. Admission is $4 for adults and $1 for children age 3 -12. They have two different scavenger hunts for children and a pretty good video explaining the mansion’s history. The docents on hand are welcoming and knowledgeable.
Dramatic and creative, Octavia Butler‘s Kindred pulled me in from the beginning. A post on Butler’s birthday on The Writer’s Almanac intrigued me. I’d never known of any African American sci fi writers. Science fiction isn’t a favorite of mine but I became curious.
Kindred is a time travel tale centered on Dana and her husband Kevin who get pulled out of 1976 to antebellum Maryland. At the beginning of the story, when Dana’s ancestor Rufus is in danger of drowning as a boy somehow Dana gets pulled into the past to save him for the first time. Imagine a black modern woman saving and eventually having to live on a plantation owned by her white ancestors. Dana’s permitted to work in the cookhouse and works teaching Rufus to read, but she’s not exempt from the horrors of slavery. The the story realizes all the potential for drama and insight that the premise promises.
The book isn’t heavy on the time travel and that’s to its credit. Dana and her Caucasian husband’s trips back in time allow readers to consider the injustice and cruelty of slavery afresh. The power of this novel is the characters and its veracity. I’d definitely read more of Butler’s work. I liked her style, her characters and the surprising ending, which emphasized that no one flees a culture of slavery unscathed.
So I’ve explained how these families like the Crawly’s amassed huge estates, but how did English estates come to look as they do? Barbara Geiger enlightened us on this question as well.
Wealthy young English men of the 17th and begin to cap their education with a trip abroad. Often these classically educated men would spend time in Europe and value paintings of Greek pastorals with beautiful expanses of land dotted with sheep and enclosed at the horizon with a line of trees.
Sometimes a nymph, probably naked would show up.
Geiger mentioned Claude Lorrain as an influential painter.
These sons would return home and want to recreate the images in these paintings. In addition the price of English wool goes up so bring in the sheep.
Lancelot “Capability” Brown was a famous landscape architect who
So much of the drama of Downton Abbey rests on the entail. If you’ve read Jane Austen or To Kill a Mockingbird, you’ve heard about these mysterious legal arrangements. Last night at the local library, I learned for once and for all what an entail is and what their history was.
Any Downton Abbey fan knows that Lord Grantham can’t leave his estate to his daughter because of the entail. It must go to the oldest male heir and that heir died on the Titanic. A distant cousin, Matthew will inherit the massive house, all its furnishings and grounds. That information can suffice, but as we’ve go to wait till January for our next Downton Abbey fix and since the library had a historian speak on Downton Abbey background, and since I’m geeky enough to dash off to such an event, I can now illuminate this entail business.
Get out some No Doze and here we go!
Way back when in England everyone who helped out the powerful got parcels of land and the poor could work as farm hands and use the commons for pastures. The problem that soon surfaced was that as the father died all the sons would get a divided parcel of land. Well, that would mean in a few generations people would be living on like one acre. That’s no good. Land meant wealth, power and status.
So when the Normans invaded they were bright enough to be careful that the parcels of land they confiscated and doled out remained intact. So land was passed down by primogenator, i.e. to the eldest living son. This method gave the British aristocracy a lot of power. In fact, by the 18th century the aristocracy in England had more power than the monarch. (That wasn’t the case in France so I guess they did things differently over there.)
Women’s property and money was subsumed by the husband upon marriage.
Entails (Sometimes In tails)
According to LexisNexis, an entail means:
To settle property upon a person with limitations in respect of the succession. Precisely, to create an estate in tail, that is, a fee tail, in conveying or devising real property. To involve, e. g., the trial of a law suit “involves” much preparation.
But we figured that. Entails made this even more secure, power more consolidated. The land the nobles got in the Henry’s era weren’t all that big compared to what the Crawleys have. Why?
Because of the Privatization and Enclosure Acts, which began in the 1600s, allowed people to petition Parliament to consolidate plots disenfranchising small farmers. Before you knew it 4 million acres in Britain were owned by 12 individuals (Ye Olde 1%). Enclosures allowed the rich to become richer. They also made farming more efficient for a time. Yet the small farmer sure got squeezed out.
An entail could be “smashed” as Violet periodically urges and even by Jane Austen’s time they were becoming unpopular. One way to break an entail was this loop hole – when the legal son turned 21 he could turn the property over to fee simple (i.e. owning a land with a deed) that way the new owner could do with it as he pleased, will it to anyone, split it up, sell off parts.
There was also something called a Common Recovery whereby an owner could break an entail by creating this legal mess whereby the landowner transfers the land to an agent or lawyer and then some bogus chap John Doe, Richard Row, Moses Mill or such seems to take the land and sell it all so the owner can do what he wants with it. It’s all quite confusing and I have no idea why the owner could sell to an agent but not to someone else, but then these property laws are all about power and injustice when you start reading through some of these articles.
The Fines and Recoveries Act of 1833 put an end to this charade and allowed that a lease could trump and entail.
So it seems that Robert Crawley could have signed away his entail at age 21, but if he was a serious sort who liked tradition, he wouldn’t have felt the need to. Most 21 year olds probably figure they’ll have at least one son. He still could . . . we’ll have to see what happens in January.
- Downton Abbey Background, Part 1 (smkelly8.com)
- The Next Big Thing in Asia: Butlers (newsfeed.time.com)
- A Short History on Enclosures (The Land Magazine)
- Is Downton Abbey pushing up stately home prices? (gateway-homes.co.uk)
- Current Dispute in Wales over Enclosure (BBC)
- Feudal Origins of Land Titles (Institute for Economic Democracy)
- Law, Land and Love (A great, readable article on Pride & Prejudice and entails)
- Brief History of Allotments, i.e. How the Small Farmers & Co. Lost so Much
I like these short history cartoons on British history. Take a look and enjoy!
Ancient British History
There are more on YouTube or the BBC (if you’re in the U.K.).
I really need to get these images and frame them.